Read the Text below !
Kyai Haji Mohammad Hasjim Asy’arie often spelled by Asy’ari or Ashari (born in Demak, Central Java, 10 April 1875 – died in Jombang, East Java, July 25, 1947 at the age of 72 years; 4 Jumada Awwal 1292 H – 6 of Ramadan 1366 H; buried in Tebu Ireng, Jombang) is one of the National Hero of Indonesia who is the founder of Nahdlatul Ulama, the largest Islamic mass organizations in Indonesia Among Nahdliyin and scholars pesantren he dubbed as Hadratus Sheikh which means guru.
K.H Hasyim Asy’ari is the third of 10 children. His father named Kyai Ash’ari , Loud Pesantren leaders who are in the south Jombang . His mother named Halimah. While his tenth among others: Nafi’ah, Ahmad Saleh, Radiah, Hassan, Anis, Fatanah, Maimunah, Maksum, Nahrawi and Adnan. Based on the maternal lineage, K.H. Hasyim Asy’ari has good lineage from Sultan Pajang Jaka Tingkir also has a descent to the Majapahit Hindu monarch, King Brawijaya V ( Lembupeteng). Here pedigree based K.H. Hasyim Asy’ari based on the maternal lineage.
K.H. Hasyim Asy’ari learn the basics of the religion of his father and grandfather , who was also the leader Kyai Uthman Nggedang Pesantren in Jombang . Since the age of 15, he traveled to study in various schools, among others Pesantren Wonokoyo in Probolinggo, Langitan boarding school in Tuban , Trenggilis boarding school in Semarang, Pesantren Kademangan in Bangkalan and Siwalan in Sidoarjo.
In 1892 , K.H. Hasyim Asy’ari go studying to Mecca, and studied at the Sheikh Ahmad Khatib Minangkabau, Sheikh Muhammad Mahfouz at-Tarmasi, Sheikh Ahmad Amin Al-Attar, Sheikh Ibrahim Arab, Said Sheikh Yamani, Rahmaullah Shaykh, Shaykh Sholeh Bafadlal, Sayyid Abbas Maliki Sayyid Alwi bin Ahmad al – Saqqaf, and Sayyid Hussein Al -Ethiopia.
In Makkah, initially K.H. Hasyim Asy’ari study under Shaykh bimgingan Mafudz of Termas (Pacitan) which is the first Indonesian priest from teaching Sahih Bukhari in Makkah. Shaykh Mafudz is a scholar of hadith and it’s so interesting to learn K.H. Hasyim Asy’ari so that upon his return to Indonesia. He was very well-known expert in teaching the science of hadith. He got his diploma directly from Shaikh Mafudz to teach Sahih Bukhari, where Sheikh Mahfouz is the last heir of the linkage receiver (isnad) hadith from 23 generations of recipients this work. Besides studying hadith he also learned tasawuf (Sufi) to explore the Qadiri and Naqsyabandiyah.
K.H. Hasyim Asy’ari also studied fiqh Shafi’i madhhab under the supervision of Shaykh Ahmad Katib from Minangkabau who are also experts in the field of astronomy (astronomy), mathematics (arithmetic), and algebra. In the period studied in Sheikh Ahmad Katib is K.H. Hasyim Asy’ari studied Tafsir Al-manar monumental works of Muhammad Abduh. In principle, he admired the rationality of thought Abduh but less agree with ridicule Abduh against the traditionalist ulama.
Another teacher is included a scholar from Banten who lived in Makkah that Nawawi al-Bantani. While teachers are not of the archipelago, among others, Sheikh Shata and Shaykh Dagistani which is well-knewn as the scholar at that time.
In 1899, returning from Mecca, K.H. Hasyim Asy’ari Pesantren Tebu Ireng founded, which later became the largest and most important schools in Java in the 20th century.In 1926, K.H Hasyim Asy’ari became one of the initiators of the establishment of Nahdlatul Ulama (NU), which means the resurrection of the clergy.
Anwer the questions below! Write and post your answer in the comments!
- Find 3 simple tense based on the text !
- Find and write the verbs and nouns the text above, each of them are 5 words !
- Make your own short autobiography at least consist of 50 words !